Birth Control Needs Methods And Information Available For Todays Women

Birth Control Needs Methods And Information Available For Todays Women



Need for birth control in​ today’s world

With the rapid growth of​ the population in​ the world as​ well as​ the increased sense in​ general awareness for HIV/AIDS, has forced to​ think on birth control methods. The current world’s population is​ estimated to​ be around 6.4 billion with annual growth of​ 76 million and hence, it​ is​ estimated to​ reach 9 billion by year 2050. in​ next two decades, world’s two highly populous countries, China & India are expected to​ reach the population of​ 1.5 billion each i.e more than one third of​ the total world population of​ that time. it​ is​ alarming situation for the world to​ control this “population explosion”. Therefore, United Nations are urging countries specially highly populated countries to​ control their population.

as​ per the survey report for birth control methods if​ applied in​ 169 countries, 137 million women willing to​ delay their contraceptives, 64 million women are using less effective birth control measures. if​ these women are helped with adequate birth control treatment (like pills, condoms), 23 million of​ unplanned births, 22 million induced abortions and 1.4 million infants could be avoided as​ estimated by United Nations Population Fund.

Besides population, HIV/AIDS is​ also very important factor forcing the need for birth control. an​ estimated, world has 38 million people have either AIDS or​ infected with HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). in​ seven African countries, one out of​ 5 adults is​ infected with HIV. Birth control methods are, therefore, become imperative to​ control further spread of​ HIV/AIDS, particularly in​ these countries. The population in​ these countries is​ projected at​ 35% lower by 2025 free from HIV/AIDS. it​ will further reduce the total life expectancy by an​ average of​ 29 years in​ these countries.

History of​ Birth Control
200 AD, Greek gynecologist Soranus said that women become fertile during ovulation. He suggested some birth control tips for women to​ avoid unwanted pregnancy like smearing olive oil, pomegranate pulp, ginger, or​ tobacco juice around vagina to​ kill sperm, drinking water used by blacksmith to​ cool hot metals and jumping 7 times backward after the sexual intercourse. Many birth control methods like ayurvedic treatments used centuries ago (aside from sexual abstinence). However, there are some historical records of​ Egyptian women are found who were using some herbal or​ acid substances like crocodile dung or​ lubricants like honey or​ household olive oil as​ vaginal suppository, which they may have found effective at​ killing sperm.

However, commercial use of​ birth control method started in​ 1960 in​ the form of​ birth control pill. it​ was in​ 1950, when Planned Parenthood Federation of​ America invited biologist Dr. Gregory Pincus to​ develop oral contraceptive pill that would be harmless, universally acceptable and safe for husband and wife. After under going many tests with more than 6,000 women in​ Puerto Rico and Haiti , it​ was 1960 when the first commercially produced birth control pill called Enovid-10 was introduced to​ women in​ USA . This first oral contraceptive was made with two hormones Estrogen (100 to​ 175 microgram) and Progestin (10 mg). They were proved to​ be 99% effective if​ taken as​ directed. With estimation, more than 18 million women in​ US are relying on birth control pills

Types of​ birth control pills
Unlike the decades old oral contraceptive pills (which had higher number of​ hormones), today’s birth control pills are in​ low-dose forms with health benefits. So, women can take birth control pills with much fewer health risks.

Generally there are three types of​ birth control pills available
1. Progestin only pills (POP)
It is​ also known as​ “mini-pill” containing no estrogen. it​ is​ recommended for breastfeeding women because estrogen reduced milk production. This POP pill works by thickening the cervical mucus and thus preventing sperm to​ enter uterus

2. Combination birth control pills
The widely known birth control pills are having combination of​ two hormones progestin and estrogen. These types of​ oral contraceptive pills come with the pack of​ 21 “active pills” and 7 “placebos” , which do not contain any hormones. These are, in​ fact, known as​ “reminder pills”

These combination pills are further sub-divided into three types of​ pills due to​ the level of​ two hormones progestin and estrogen.

i) Monophasic birth control pills
Here, every active pill contains the equal number of​ progestin and estrogen. The other seven pills are placebo having no hormones. Menstruation starts when these placebo pills are taken

ii) Multiphasic birth control pills
They are also known as​ biphasic or​ trphasic oral contraceptive pills due to​ different levels of​ hormones in​ active pills. These pills are required to​ be taken at​ specific time in​ its entire pills schedule. Multiphasic birth control pills help offsetting the risks of​ oral contraceptives.

iii) Continuous birth control pills
it is​ also known as​ 365 days pills to​ be taken continuously throughout the year without the year. This is​ the new entry of​ oral contraceptive pills in​ the birth control market. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Lybrel, which is​ the only continuous birth control pill approved so far and available for general women use. Women do not get menstrual period while they are under the treatment of​ Lybrel, however, they might find some breakthrough bleeding or​ spotting, particularly at​ the initial stage.

3) Emergency birth control pills
Also known as​ “morning after pills”, these are designed for immediate pregnancy protection after the unprotected sex. it​ is​ highly recommended to​ take emergency pills within 48 hours and maximum 72 hours to​ be effective in​ avoiding pregnancy. These are different than usual oral contraceptive pills where you plan your birth control much in​ advance. Emergency pills are also taken when the women are sexually assaulted. FDA has approved Plan B as​ the safest emergency pills. Due to​ OTC (over the counter) approval by FDA for women above 18 years, Plan B can now be ordered behind pharmacy counter.




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