Beginners Guide To Home Composting

Beginners Guide To Home Composting

Composting your kitchen and garden waste is​ a​ great way to​ reduce the amount of​ waste you dispose of​ in​ your rubbish bin. By composting your waste you can generate a​ free source of​ rich compost to​ help improve your garden, and also help to​ reduce global warming in​ the process.

How does home composting help to​ reduce global warming?

When sent to​ landfill organic waste is​ compressed under tonnes and tonnes of​ other waste types. The organic waste therefore does not have enough access to​ air, which restricts the waste from being able to​ decompose properly. Instead of​ decomposing, methane gas is​ produced which contributes to​ global warming.

The Compost Bin

The first step to​ start composting at​ home is​ to​ get a​ compost bin. You can either purchase a​ compost bin or​ you can make your own. Compost bins can be bought from the majority of​ garden centres. The government funded Recycle Now Home Composting Campaign also sells discounted compost bins.

The next important step is​ to​ decide where to​ position the compost bin, which can affect the overall quality of​ the compost that is​ produced. For best results place the bin in​ a​ well drained area which has good access to​ sunlight. The drainage will enable excess water to​ drain out of​ the compost and placing the bin in​ a​ sunny spot helps to​ speed up the composting process.

What waste items can I put in​ my compost bin?

There are lots of​ everyday waste items from your garden and kitchen that can go into your compost bin. These are broken down into ?Greens? and ?Browns?. Greens are the type of​ items that provide moisture and nitrogen and are quick to​ rot. Items classed as​ Greens includes:

Grass cuttings
Vegetable peelings
Tea bags

Browns are waste items that take longer to​ rot but provide pockets of​ air, along with fibre and carbon. This includes items such as:

Cardboard boxes
Newspapers (scrunched up)
Toilet roll tubes
Egg shells (crushed)
Shredded paper
Twigs and hedge clippings

How do I make a​ good quality compost?

To make a​ good quality compost it​ is​ important to​ use a​ good mix of​ both 'green' and 'brown' wastes. it​ is​ simply a​ case of​ monitoring the compost and adding more waste depending on the look of​ the compost. For example, if​ it​ looks too dry add more ?green? waste, and if​ it​ looks too wet add more ?brown? waste. Every so often it​ is​ also a​ good idea to​ mix or​ turn the contents of​ your compost bin to​ add air.

How long will it​ take for my compost to​ be ready to​ use?

This will vary depending on the mixture of​ waste that is​ placed into the compost bin, the surrounding conditions and the weather. in​ general it​ should take between 6 and 9 months for your finished compost to​ be ready to​ use.

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