Basic Information About Diamonds

Basic Information About Diamonds



Basic Information About Diamonds
Diamonds have an​ allure about them that make them probably the most sought after gemstones in​ the world .​
They say that diamonds are a​ girl's best friend, and more than likely that sentiment is​ due to​ their brilliance, their sparkle, and the way they make a​ person feel when wearing one .​
But, what we know as​ these perfectly clear and beautiful gemstones start their lives as​ basically rocks .​
They have to​ be mined and honed and crafted into what we know as​ diamonds.
A diamond is​ a​ form of​ carbon, and its extreme hardness and light diffusion qualities make it​ a​ highly useful stone for industrial purposes, in​ addition to​ its pleasing aesthetic qualities .​
Diamonds make excellent abrasives because they can only be scratched by other diamonds .​
Therefore, they are extremely durable and retain their brilliant gleam wonderfully .​
The earliest known reference to​ the diamond comes from a​ Sanskrit text dating back to​ approximately 296 BCE (before the Christian Era), which described the diamond's qualities .​
It is​ generally accepted that diamonds were first mined in​ India, where they quickly became symbols of​ spirituality and holiness, decorating religious idols .​
Early on in​ their history, diamonds were traded in​ all direction of​ India for their different industrial uses, including engraving and drilling, as​ well as​ for their aesthetic purposes such as​ for ceremony, decoration, and adornment.
There was a​ strict prohibition against cutting diamonds .​
This taboo was started with the early traditional uses in​ India, and ended in​ the Middle Ages .​
By 1375, a​ guild of​ diamond cutters and polishers was established, as​ the technology of​ reshaping diamonds began to​ develop .​
The different shapes that were developed through the years only worked to​ exemplify the diamond's beauty and brilliance, increasing their allure .​
Today, diamonds are most familiarly used for the purposes of​ adornments, such as​ for jewelry.
There are 4 characteristics that are used as​ basic description devices of​ diamonds, and which are used in​ order to​ determine the ultimate value of​ a​ particular diamond .​
These are known as​ the 4 C's, or​ carat, clarity, color, and cut .​
The carat is​ the weight that measures the mass of​ the diamond .​
One carat equals approximately 0.007 ounce .​
The value of​ a​ diamond increases greatly relative to​ its carat weight, because large diamonds are exceptional and in​ high demand for jewelry.
The clarity of​ a​ diamond measures the amount of​ inclusions of​ a​ diamond, or​ its internal flaws .​
Foreign matter inside the diamond or​ cracks causing a​ cloudy appearance are considered inclusions, and tend to​ decrease the value of​ a​ diamond .​
There grading systems used to​ assess clarity, based on certain factors including number, size, color, and visibility of​ the inclusions (diamonds are usually graded from flawless to​ imperfect) .​
The higher the clarity rating is, the more rare the diamond (and the more valuable) is.
The color of​ a​ structurally perfect diamond, and one that is​ free of​ chemicals is​ almost perfectly clear, and color-free to​ the naked eye .​
This doesn't necessarily affect the value of​ a​ diamond, however .​
Some pink or​ blue diamonds (like the Hope Diamond, for example) are considered spectacular, and therefore highly valuable .​
a​ rating system of​ D to​ Z (D=colorless and Z=bright yellow) is​ in​ use to​ aid in​ color assessment of​ diamonds.
The cut of​ a​ diamond describes how the diamond has been shaped and polished from its original mined state .​
The cut describes the level of​ workmanship that has gone into the diamond, as​ well as​ the angles to​ which the diamond is​ cut .​
This is​ not the same as​ the shape of​ the diamond, which describes just that, its shape .​
Shapes such as​ pear, round, marquis, princess are all familiar terms for diamond jewelry .​
When shopping for diamond jewelry, fine jewelry stores will be aware of​ the 4 C's of​ the diamond they carry, and will be able to​ provide information about which gems you are interested in .​
Diamonds are unique, and they are the ultimate souvenirs from the Earth, which adds even more allure to​ owning one.




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