Asthma Diagnosis And Treatment

Asthma Diagnosis And Treatment

Asthma, characterized by difficulty in​ breathing, is​ a​ chronic lung condition. Asthma patients have hyper responsive airways that narrow down when irritated. This makes air movement difficult and​ cause wheezing, coughing, shortness of​ breath and​ chest tightness. the​ two factors that provoke asthma are –

· Triggers – They irritate the​ airways and​ result in​ Bronchoconstriction. the​ common triggers of​ Bronchoconstriction are cold air, dust, strong fumes, inhaled irritants, emotional upsets and​ smoke.

· Causes or​ Inducers – They result in​ symptoms which may last longer. Allergies in​ the​ form of​ pollen, animal secretion and​ molds, and​ Respiratory viral infections are the​ most common inducers.

Asthma diagnosis is​ important for​ proper treatment. the​ common symptoms for​ asthma are allergies, hay fever and​ eczema. the​ chance of​ a​ child developing asthma is​ much more when there is​ a​ family history of​ allergies and​ asthma. the​ common symptoms of​ asthma in​ children are breathing problem, repeated nasal stuffiness, itchy eyes, eczema, hives and​ persistent cough followed by cold. Diagnosis of​ asthma involves physical examination, chest x-ray, blood tests and​ sputum studies, allergy prick skin testing, challenge tests, differential diagnosis and​ a​ trial use of​ asthma medications.

Asthma affects twice as​ many boys as​ girls in​ childhood. it​ affects more teenager girls than boys. in​ adulthood, the​ ratio becomes equal. the​ risk of​ uncontrolled asthma is​ greater than the​ risk a​ mother or​ fetus faces due to​ medication used to​ control asthma. Uncontrolled asthma during pregnancy can produce serious maternal and​ fetal complications like premature birth, low birth weight and​ maternal blood pressure changes.

The most effective treatment for​ asthma is​ identifying triggers, such as​ pets or​ aspirin, and​ limiting or​ eliminating exposure to​ them. Anti-inflammatory medications with Bronchodilators are used for​ immediate relief of​ symptoms. Asthma medications come in​ various forms like a​ metered dose inhaler or​ a​ puffer, dry powder inhalers and​ nebulizers.

The prognosis for​ asthma is​ good for​ children with mild disease. for​ asthma diagnosed during childhood, 54% will no longer carry the​ diagnosis after a​ decade. Asthma seems to​ be more prevalent in​ athletes than the​ rest. a​ relatively high incidence of​ asthma is​ found in​ sports such as​ cycling, mountain biking, and​ long-distance running, and​ a​ relatively lower incidence is​ found in​ weightlifting and​ diving. the​ exercise-induced asthma shares many features with allergic asthma.

Exercise studies are helpful in​ diagnosing and​ assessing this condition. People with mild asthma (infrequent attacks) may use relief medication as​ needed. Those who have persistent asthma should take control medications on a​ regular basis to​ prevent symptoms from occuring. a​ severe asthma attack requires a​ medical evaluation and​ may need hospitalization, oxygen, and​ intravenous medications.

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