Argumentation Turn It From Adversarial To Educational

Argumentation Turn It From Adversarial To Educational



Argumentation is​ usually associated with debate. Using argumentation in​ public speaking does not require being adversarial. to​ use it​ effectively can enhance the experience for the listener.

Your first thought might be to​ avoid it, especially when trying to​ persuade. The kind of​ argument being discussed here is​ not bickering or​ being obnoxious or​ even debate. Do not think of​ it​ as​ attacking the opposing point of​ view.

In its simplest form, it​ is​ putting forth reasons for or​ against a​ point of​ view. it​ can involve deductive reasoning, presentation and elaboration. it​ starts with a​ proposition, the expression of​ a​ point of​ view on a​ subject. Then supporting evidence is​ added and principles to​ support the proposition are used. Follow through with reasoning on the matter, applying inductions and deductions to​ the proposed thought.

An informative speech is​ presented as​ information or​ fact even though it​ is​ given as​ one person’s interpretation of​ that information. Argumentation requires calling into question that interpretation and coming to​ its defense, refuting it, or​ offering a​ new view point.

Why Use Argumentation

Some subjects by their nature will have proponents on one side or​ the other feel there is​ a​ lack of​ empirical evidence. to​ come to​ a​ conclusion would be difficult because these issues are moral, scientific, religious, or​ too deep to​ be answered by scientific method alone. to​ address an​ audience in​ these instances will require using argumentation.

You need a​ Claim or​ Thesis Statement

Your speech needs to​ be on purpose. What do you want the audience to​ walk away with? What is​ your Most Wanted Response? Typically the narrower and more tightly focused the theme the better. So start with a​ focused claim or​ thesis statement.

For instance, to​ say evolution is​ wrong and creation is​ right or​ visa versa is​ so broad that it​ will amount to​ trying to​ lob a​ bag of​ stinky garbage into the opposing camps. However if​ you were to​ argue in​ a​ reasoning manner on a​ particular aspect of​ a​ belief, you might get a​ chance to​ come back for further discussion. Avoid the attack mentality.

As a​ general rule: Do not attack the closest and most cherished beliefs of​ those you want to​ persuade. This would be like telling your daughter not to​ love some guy she is​ already involved with. No matter how sleazy you think he is​ she will see him differently.

Also do not attack generalities. it​ would be like standing up wind and trying to​ bombard the opponents of​ your view with spray pepper in​ their eyes and then saying, can’t you see? They will probably close their eyes before any damage can be done and they will stay closed until the danger is​ past or​ you are done talking.


However if​ you kindly and respectfully present why you find it​ hard to​ accept a​ particular proposition and provide good argumentation, you have a​ chance at​ eroding the support of​ the other sides view. Always respect their differing opinion.

For that matter, don’t attack their opinion. it​ is​ something they possess and cherish. Rather, demonstrate why you find it​ difficult accept their opinion based on your evidence or​ logic. No emotions. Just sound reasons.

Think of​ your argumentation as​ a​ means of​ education. Rather than attacking a​ belief, you’re offering an​ alternative opinion.


Next acknowledge the reasons for differing opinions. Acknowledgement of​ these will help lay a​ foundation for the argument you will be presenting.

Building an​ argument requires knowing five things.


1) Is the audience friendly, hostile, or​ neutral? You need to​ know the audience to​ know how to​ proceed. if​ they agree with you, you will be preaching to​ the choir. if​ they disagree, an​ entirely different tactic is​ required.

2) Understanding why we have different opinions.

A) The different sides of​ the proposition have had different life experiences.

B) They may have had the similar experiences but have drawn different conclusions from them.

C) They look to​ a​ different authority or​ source as​ a​ basis for forming an​ opinion.


Any one single difference of​ opinion can involve one or​ all three of​ these reasons.
So to​ be able to​ profitably and reasonably present an​ argument requires understanding the causes for differing opinions. This enables the speech to​ deal with the root cause of​ the disagreement.


Next set the Ground Work

3) Identify the proposition for your audience. it​ needs to​ be phrased as​ an​ issue where clear affirmative and negative sides can be taken.


4) Give definition to​ any terms within the proposition. This makes it​ possible for everyone to​ understand the subject under consideration. Don’t argue how sweet ‘Jonathan’ Apples when your audience is​ thinking ‘Granny Smith’ apples. Take time to​ define these elements before presenting your argument.


5) Identify any issues that directly relate to​ the proposition and appeal to​ your Most Wanted Response. Focus on these to​ avoid rambling. Now you’re ready for evidence.


Argumentation in​ these instances requires creating credible arguments and identifying faulty reasoning at​ times using informal logic. Facts alone will not always win an​ argument. Being understanding, reasonable, and setting a​ few ground rules, argumentation can enhance a​ speech.




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