Aquarium Care Guide New Tanks

Aquarium Care Guide New Tanks

When starting a​ new aquarium it​ is​ important to​ understand the nitrogen cycle. Many new aquarium owners jump into the hobby of​ fish keeping too quickly. Before purchasing fish, the aquarium must be cycled. This could take anywhere from twenty four hours to​ four weeks. in​ an​ established aquarium there are certain bacteria that help the breakdown of​ ammonia to​ nitrates, but they are not present in​ a​ new tank because they are generated from existing fish. if​ there are no existing fish, then there are no good bacteria.

The basic principle of​ the nitrogen cycle is​ this. Fish eat food and generate waste. That waste along with excess food and plant debris become ammonia in​ the aquarium. Ammonia is​ toxic to​ fish and needs to​ be broken down. That's why the nitrifying bacteria is​ important. This bacteria, turns the ammonia into nitrites which are more tolerable to​ fish than ammonia. Next, different nitrifying bacteria will turn the nitrites into nitrates, which are even less toxic to​ the fish and other aquarium life. The nitrates are collected and minimized by filters; however they will eventually accumulate in​ the tank. Regular water changes are required to​ remove the nitrates from the water.

It is​ important to​ set up and run an​ aquarium before any fish are introduced into the environment. Wash the tank and any substrate and decorations thoroughly with water. Don't use any soap. Fill the tank with de-chlorinated water and attach filters and lighting. Allow the tank to​ cycle until the water is​ no longer cloudy and sufficient P.H and water temperatures have been established.

Now it​ is​ time to​ purchase the fish! Buy hardy fish such as​ danios, barb, gouramis, and live bearers. They should be able to​ withstand the high nitrite levels and ammonia in​ the new aquarium. Only introduce about four fish at​ a​ time. Float the fish in​ the bag in​ the aquarium for about fifteen minutes before adding them to​ the tank. This will help the fish become acclimated to​ the water temperature in​ their new home. When adding the fish, be careful not to​ allow the water from the bag into the aquarium. it​ may be contaminated, or​ will at​ the very least, throw off the temperature and P.H. Allow the fish about two hours to​ become acclimated before feeding.

Only feed an​ amount that can be consumed in​ the first two to​ five minutes. Overfeeding is​ a​ common problem in​ an​ aquarium. it​ is​ important not to​ overfeed, because excess food will become debris adding to​ the ammonia levels. This is​ especially important in​ new aquariums that lack nitrifying bacteria. Test the water P.H. every day within the first month. Watch the tank for cloudiness; if​ the aquarium becomes cloudy, it​ may be necessary to​ add a​ clarifier. Monitor the fish for signs of​ stress or​ illness. a​ healthy fish will be swimming regularly. Lethargic fish will usually hover near the surface of​ the aquarium. After about a​ week change approximately ten percent of​ the water and begin regular maintenance.

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