Ankylosing Spondylitis Treatment And Symptoms

Ankylosing Spondylitis, Treatment and​ Symptoms
What is​ Ankylosing Spondylitis?
Ankylosing Spondylitis is​ a​ condition which is​ related to​ arthritis .​
Ankylosing Spondylitis affects approximately 1 in​ every 250 mainly young men so while many may have not heard about it, it​ is​ quite common.
The word Ankylosing means inflammation of​ the​ spine while Spondylitis means joint which is​ fixed solid and​ unable to​ bend .​
So, in​ simple terms, Ankylosing Spondylitis is​ a​ condition which involves the​ spine becoming inflamed and​ as​ a​ consequence becoming fixed and​ solid .​
What tends to​ happen, is​ that tendons or​ ligaments attached to​ the​ spine become swollen .​
When the​ swelling reduces, it​ is​ replaced by growths of​ bone .​
When this happens a​ number of​ times, there becomes more and​ more bone where there used to​ be tendons or​ ligaments until eventually the​ joint fuses together.
As with many conditions, different people are affected with varying degrees of​ this condition, with some barely noticing it​ while others lose their full independence .​
What is​ also interesting is​ that the​ Ankylosing Spondylitis symptoms can come and​ go over time.
What are the​ Symptoms of​ Ankylosing Spondylitis?
The first time people tend to​ notice that they have Ankylosing Spondylitis, is​ when the​ experience lower back pain and​ some muscle spasms .​
This tends to​ be worse during the​ night .​
This pain often spreads to​ the​ upper back, neck and​ buttocks .​
Also, in​ the​ morning, neck pain may be experienced which is​ relieved during the​ day through exercise.
Without treatment, it​ is​ possible that the​ symptoms could develop into fever, fatigue and​ a​ loss of​ appetite .​
There may be some weight loss as​ well.
As the​ spine starts to​ fuse together, you may start to​ find it​ more and​ more difficult and​ painful to​ move around .​
Also, in​ a​ number of​ cases .​
as​ the​ joints start to​ become more and​ more affected, it​ becomes harder to​ breath as​ the​ ribs start to​ stop moving .​
This means that breathing is​ now being conducted using only the​ muscles of​ the​ diaphragm .​
On top of​ this, the​ lungs could be affected by Ankylosing Spondylitis.
Ankylosing Spondylitis in​ approximately 1 in​ 3 cases can cause inflammation in​ one or​ both eyes.
Causes of​ Ankylosing Spondylitis
Nobody knows exactly what causes Ankylosing Spondylitis .​
It is​ generally thought that the​ antigen HLA-B27 .​
This may explain why this condition appears to​ run in​ families .​
This is​ also linked to​ a​ condition called Reites Syndrome.
Treatment of​ Ankylosing Spondylitis
There are no drugs in​ existence today which can slow or​ stop the​ condition .​
However, there are drugs called Non Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) which can help to​ control the​ inflammation and​ reduce the​ pain.
Also, daily exercise consisting of​ gentle stretching exercises or​ swimming can help to​ improve the​ movement of​ the​ spine and​ help to​ create a​ more positive posture .​
On top of​ this, hydrotherapy and​ physiotherapy can also help to​ relieve the​ symptoms.
Unfortunately, there are a​ small number of​ people suffering from Ankylosing Spondylitis who will require hip replacements .​
Thankfully, those cases are few and​ far between.
Interestingly, the​ symptoms of​ Ankylosing Spondylitis can be present for​ a​ period of​ time and​ then they reduce significantly.

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