Aids Hiv Information

Aids Hiv Information

AIDS/HIV Information
AIDS is an acronym for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome it​ causes a​ destruction of​ the immune system. ​
it​ is the most advanced stage of​ the HIV virus HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. ​
AIDS is defined by the Centers for Disease Control and ​ Prevention CDC as​ the presence of​ a​ positive HIV antibody test and ​ one or​ more of​ the illnesses known as​ opportunistic infections. ​

The HIV virus, type 1 or​ 2 is widely known to be the cause of​ AIDS. ​
HIV breaks down and ​ attacks your T cells so your body is unable to defend itself against different infections. ​
The HIV virus also attacks your peripheral nervous system, this causes nerve and ​ muscle pain, especially in the feet, legs, and ​ hands.
HIV is spread through direct contact with semen or​ blood of​ an individual that is infected. ​
This can be transferred in many ways the most common is unprotected sexual intercourse. ​
Other means of​ infection are infected blood transfusions, mother to infant at ​ time of​ birth, or​ through breast milk, sharing needles with an infected person, and ​ rarely a​ healthcare worker that gets pricked with an infected needle.
Often people who are infected with HIV have few symptoms and ​ in some cases there are none. ​
Other times, symptoms of​ HIV are confused with other illnesses such as​ the flu. ​
This may be severe, with swollen glands in the neck and ​ armpits, tiredness, fever and ​ night sweats. ​
This is where as​ much as​ 9 out of​ 10 of​ the infected individuals will develop AIDS. ​
at ​ this point the person may feel completely healthy and ​ not even know that he/she has the virus. ​
The next stage begins when the immune system starts to break down and ​ the virus becomes more aggressive in damaging white cells. ​
Several glands in the neck and ​ armpits may swell and ​ stay swollen for an extended period of​ time without any explanation. ​
as​ this disease progresses boils or​ warts may spread over the body. ​
They may also feel tremendously tired, night sweats, high fevers, chronic diarrhea, and ​ they may lose a​ considerable amount of​ their body weight. ​
Most cases have shown thrush as​ a​ symptom as​ well. ​
at ​ this point the person is in the final stages of​ HIVAIDS. ​
Severe chest infections with high fever are common and ​ survival rate is above 70% but decrease with each recurrence. ​

A person is diagnosed with AIDS when he/she has one or​ more positive HIV screening and ​ the presence of​ an AIDS defining condition. ​
Some of​ the common conditions include but are not limited to Meningitis, Encephalitis, Dementia, Pneumonia, Kaposi sarcoma, and ​ Lymphoma. ​
There is also a​ blood test called an Immune Profile that can be done. ​
This test is used to measure the loss of​ immunity and ​ help decide on the best treatment. ​
There is a​ test that is rarely used due to its high cost, it​ is known as​ a​ Viral Load This test detects the virus itself, and ​ also measures the amount of​ HIV in the blood. ​
it​ shows how quickly the HIV infection is likely to advance. ​
a​ high viral load suggests that the person may progress rapidly to AIDS. ​

Although there is no cure for AIDS there are medical treatments that aide in prolonging, and ​ maintaining the best quality of​ life possible. ​
These include two nucleoside inhibitors, lamivudine and ​ zidovudine. ​
Actual treatment plans will vary with each patient, along with the physical aspect of​ this disease. ​
The psychological side has to be addressed in order for a​ treatment plan to be effective.
The easiest way to escape contracting this disease is to avoid the risk factors that you are in control of. ​
Such as​ unprotected sex, not sharing a​ needle, and ​ if ​ you are in the healthcare field be sure to use all precautions necessary to avoid an accidental prick from a​ possible infected needle remember that in this diseases early stages it​ is common for the person not to even know they are infected. ​
Today AIDS is the fifth leading cause of​ death among all adults aged 25 to 44 in the United States. ​
Among AfricanAmericans in the 25 to 44 age group, AIDS is the leading cause of​ death for men and ​ the second leading cause of​ death for women. ​
Our society needs to become aware that by not protecting ourselves we are killing ourselves and ​ that this has to stop.

Aids Hiv Information

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