Aggression And Violence In Sports

Aggression And Violence In Sports



For anyone living in​ the​ American society, it​ does not take a​ sociologist or​ a​ political scientist to​ call attention to​ which extend sports has permeated the​ American way of​ life. Newspapers devote an​ entire section of​ their daily editions to​ the​ coverage of​ sports such as​ golf , football, soccer, and​ more. Newsprint about sport surpasses even that given to​ economy, politics, or​ any other single topic of​ interest. Television brings into contemporary households over 1,200 hours of​ live and​ taped sporting events every year, sometimes disrupting the​ usual family life and​ other times it​ provides a​ collective focus to​ a​ family's attention.

Whether involved as​ spectators, participants, or​ sponsors, sport has been given an​ ideological foundation through the​ development of​ a​ belief system that outlines the​ supposed merits of​ sport. Sociologists support that sports open the​ door for​ the​ formation of​ amicable relationships between players, communities, racial groups, and​ even nations. Although sport has emerged as​ a​ relatively important element of​ people's dominant value system and​ has received unquestionable support from the​ vast majority over the​ globe, sports violence has not been accepted as​ a​ necessary ingredient of​ athletic societies. Since it​ is​ popularly believed that sports build character and​ provide outlet for​ aggressive energy, scholars have studied the​ implications of​ sport violence and​ scientists have come up with a​ number of​ theories to​ explain how human aggression brings violence into the​ sphere of​ sports.

Although the​ terms "aggression" and​ "violence" are frequently coupled in​ psychological reviews and​ books, an​ overt distinction between them is​ rarely drawn. According to​ Gerda Siann, a​ behavioral scientist, who attempts to​ separate the​ two terms, "Aggression involves the​ intention to​ hurt or​ emerge superior to​ others, does not necessarily involve physical injury (violence) and​ may or​ may not be regarded as​ being underpinned by different kinds of​ motives" (Siann, 1985).

In other words, violence may occur as​ a​ result of​ aggressive intent. This leads to​ another question; is​ violence always a​ result of​ aggressive intent? if​ violence is​ to​ be defined as​ the​ use of​ greater physical force or​ intent, is​ it​ possible to​ cite instances where such physical force is​ used to​ injure others without aggression being involved? if​ aggression is​ seen as​ the​ intentional infliction of​ injury to​ others, then any violence act must, if​ intended, be regarded as​ aggressive, according to​ the​ summative description Siann has proposed for​ aggression. This hypothesis, directly relates the​ issue to​ the​ theory of​ motivation. Sports are based on motivation theories since the​ core of​ athletic competition is​ linked to​ the​ human compulsion towards excellence and​ superiority. Thus, it​ seems logical to​ accept that sports are based on human motives (e.g. compulsion to​ win), which if​ not adequately fulfilled, can elicit extreme behavioral patterns (e.g. violent acts), which in​ turn are the​ byproducts of​ repressed aggression.




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