Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary heart disease is​ a​ condition that arises from increased amounts of​ atheromatous plaques that gather within the​ arteries. Many people who develop this condition may not begin showing symptoms until years after they have initially developed the​ disease. the​ most dangerous symptom of​ this disease is​ a​ heart attack, and​ this will generally occur after the​ atheromatous plaques break apart and​ begin restricting the​ flow of​ blood into the​ heart. Coronary artery disease is​ a​ common cause for​ sudden death.

This condition is​ known for​ having varying extremes. Certain people can be defined as​ being asymptomatic, and​ will have an​ early form of​ the​ disease where the​ flow of​ blood is​ not blocked. Doctors who perform coronary angiograms at​ this point may not be able to​ detect the​ disease because the​ lumen within the​ artery has not been reduced in​ size. However, the​ atheromatous plaques will grow into the​ walls of​ the​ arteries, and​ once they cause the​ lumen to​ expand, the​ blood flow will be restricted. Many researchers believe that this process took many years to​ occur, but there have been some cases where the​ plaque would rupture, and​ the​ progression of​ this disease would increase much faster than normal.

If the​ atheromatous plaques do not block more than 70 percent of​ the​ artery, patients will typically not begin showing the​ symptoms that are associated with the​ disease. Once the​ atheromatous plaques block more than 70 percent of​ the​ artery, the​ patient will begin showing symptoms. the​ heart will begin working harder to​ increase the​ amount of​ blood that flows to​ it, and​ the​ lumen may nearly become completely blocked. a​ patient who is​ in​ this situation will typically have suffered from multiple heart attacks, and​ may have angina as​ well. the​ restriction of​ blood flow to​ the​ heart is​ called ischema, and​ the​ cells will starve because they don't have oxygen.

There are a​ number of​ things responsible for​ the​ development of​ coronary artery disease. Smoking or​ being overweight is​ a​ common cause, while a​ lack of​ vitamin C can also lead to​ the​ development of​ this condition. There is​ also evidence that this disease is​ genetic in​ nature. Someone who comes from a​ family where many members have developed coronary heart disease will be much more likely to​ develop it​ themselves. People who have large amounts of​ triglycerides and​ low-density lipoproteins have an​ increased chance for​ developing this condition. Angina is​ defined as​ the​ pain a​ patient will go through when they have an​ advanced form of​ the​ disease.

Coronary artery disease is​ very common in​ the​ West, and​ has been called the​ number one killer of​ Americans. the​ best way to​ avoid it​ is​ to​ avoid smoking and​ reduce the​ amount of​ cholesterol in​ your body. People who are overeweight will want to​ exercise and​ avoid foods that are rich in​ saturated fats. Those who live a​ sedentary lifestyle will want to​ go out as​ much as​ possible to​ be physically active. it​ is​ also important to​ make sure you​ consume decent amounts of​ vitamin C.

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